Using modern coexistence theory, we show how biotic interactions change over time. As a result of higher-order interactions, species rapidly switch between facilitation and competition.

Majer, A., Skoracka, A., Spaak, J. & Kuczyński, L. (2024) Higher-order species interactions cause time-dependent niche and fitness differences: Experimental evidence in plant-feeding arthropods. Ecology Letters, 27, e14428.



The research was funded by the National Science Centre under grants 2019/35/N/NZ8/02639 (experiments) and 2018/29/B/NZ8/00066 (data analysis).

Our review paper explaining the evolutionary and ecological relationships between dispersal and host specialisation has been published in Biological Reviews.

Ravigné, V., Rodrigues, L.R., Charlery de la Masselière, M., Facon, B., Kuczyński, L., Radwan, J., Skoracka, A. and Magalhães, S., 2023., Understanding the joint evolution of dispersal and host specialisation using phytophagous arthropods as a model group, Biological Reviews,

The research was funded by the National Science Centre (grant no. 2021/41/B/NZ8/01703, headed by Anna Skoracka).

The journal Methods in Ecology and Evolution has published our paper presenting a new method for generating a virtual species. This is the first article of Kasia Malinowska’s doctoral dissertation. Congratulations!

The research was funded by the National Science Center (grant no. 2018/29/B/NZ8/00066).

Malinowska, K., Markowska, K., & Kuczyński, L. (2023). Making virtual species less virtual by reverse engineering of spatiotemporal ecological models. Methods in Ecology and Evolution,

The journal Scientific Reports published a paper by Kasia Malinowska from our team presenting the results of her Master’s thesis.

The paper experimentally investigated whether the level of nest illumination affects the degree of pigmentation of Great tit eggshells.

Malinowska, K., Szala, K., Podkowa, P. Surmacki A. 2023. Effect of light intensity in the nest site on eggshell pigmentation in a hole-nesting passerine. Scientific Reports 13, 9764 (2023).

The paper, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), is the result of a collaboration between scientists from 28 countries. They analysed abundance indices of 170 bird species that have been consistently monitored over 37 years in more than 20,000 study plots. The authors linked the bird indices to publicly available environmental data from sources such as Eurostat, the European Environment Agency, and the FAO, including information on land use and climate.

The data collected leaves no doubt: the main driver of environmental change leading to serious biodiversity loss is agricultural intensification.

One of the co-authors is Lechosław Kuczyński from our team.

More information:

In this study, based on comprehensive sampling and evaluation of infestation parameters, we found a great diversity of mites that inhabit wood warbler nests. We showed that this ephemeral, single-season microhabitat, provides a space for survival of numerous mite species, and may play a role in mites’ dispersal.

Alicja Laska, Ewa Puchalska, Martyna Mikołajczyk, Dariusz J. Gwiazdowicz, Andrzej Kaźmierski, Wojciech Niedbała, Jerzy Błoszyk, Ziemowit Olszanowski, Jakub Szymkowiak, Natalia Hałas, Lechosław Kuczyński & Anna Skoracka. Mites inhabiting nests of wood warbler, Phylloscopus sibilatrix (Aves: Passeriformes), in the Wielkopolska National Park in western Poland. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 2023;

The study was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland, research grant no. 2012/07/N/NZ8/00129 led by Jakub Szymkowiak.

In this article, based on a comprehensive literature review, we explain the relationships between the ability to disperse and the feeding strategy in mites.

Alicja Laska, Brian G Rector, Anna Przychodzka, Agnieszka Majer, Kamila Zalewska, Lechosław Kuczynski, Anna Skoracka, Do mites eat and run? A systematic review of feeding and dispersal strategies, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2023; zlac094,

The study was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland, research grant no. 2017/27/N/NZ8/00305 led by Alicja.

We showed that in addition to the spatial attributes of woodlots (that is, their area, isolation, and shape), local habitat is an important predictor of woodlot bird species richness. The overall richness of bird species increased with vegetation height and the richness of woody plant species and decreased with the cover of an invasive tree, the Black Locust Robinia pseudoaccacia. On the contrary, the richness of farmland bird species was positively related to the diversity of woodlot microhabitats, which reflects mainly enrichment by non-forest habitats such as grassland or sparse shrubs.

Our results indicate that the current practices implemented by the EU’s CAP subsidy system favour widespread forest bird species, but not the farmland birds that are more threatened in Europe, for which a microhabitat heterogeneity should instead be maximized.

The study was carried out in cooperation with Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic.

Dvořáková L., Kuczyński L., Rivas-Salvador J. and Reif J. 2022. Habitat Characteristics Supporting Bird Species Richness in Mid-Field Woodlots. Frontiers in Environmental Science. 10:816255.

In this article, we explain how environmental heterogeneity influences niche breadth evolution, which may in turn affect the ability of pests to persist in agricultural systems.


The study was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland, research projects no. 2016/21/B/NZ8/00786 and 2017/27/N/NZ8/00305.

Skoracka A., Laska A., Radwan J., Konczal. M., Lewandowski M., Puchalska E., Karpicka-Ignatowska, Przychodzka A., Raubic J., Kuczyński L. 2022. Effective specialist or jack of all trades? Experimental evolution of a crop pest in fluctuating and stable environments. Evolutionary Applications.

In this article, we explain what mechanisms influence the effective colonisation of plants by parastic mites.

The paper is part of Alicja’s PhD thesis. Congratulations!

The study was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland, research grant no. 2017/27/N/NZ8/00305 and the Dean Faculty of Biology grant no. GDWB-07/2018.

Laska, A., Przychodzka, A., Puchalska, E., Lewandowski, M., Karpicka-Ignatowska, K. & Skoracka A. Mechanisms of dispersal and colonisation in a wind-borne cereal pest, the haplodiploid wheat curl mite. Sci Rep 12, 551 (2022).